Conservative treatment, also known as non-surgical treatment, is a type of medical care that aims to reduce pain and improve physical function without the use of surgery. It is often used to treat musculoskeletal conditions, including arthritis, tendonitis, bursitis, and other soft tissue injuries. Conservative treatment typically involves physical therapy, medications, and lifestyle modifications.
Physical therapy is the most common form of conservative treatment. It involves a range of exercises, stretches, and other activities to help strengthen and improve the range of motion of the affected area. Physical therapists may also use heat, cold, and electrical stimulation to reduce pain, swelling, and stiffness. In addition, physical therapists may use manual techniques, such as massage and joint manipulation.
Medications are another form of conservative treatment. These may include non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), corticosteroids, and other medications to reduce pain and inflammation. In some cases, injections of corticosteroids or other medications may be used to reduce pain and inflammation.
Lifestyle modifications are also part of conservative treatment. These may include changes to diet, exercise, and other activities to reduce stress on the affected area. For example, people with arthritis may need to avoid certain activities that put too much stress on their joints.
Conservative treatment is usually the first line of treatment for musculoskeletal conditions. It is often effective in reducing pain and improving physical function. However, if conservative treatment does not provide relief, surgery may be necessary.