S.G.P.T. stands for Serum Glutamic Pyruvic Transaminase, an enzyme found in the liver. It is used to measure the health of the liver and to detect any damage that may have occurred. The liver is an important organ in the body and is responsible for many functions including the metabolism of proteins, carbohydrates, and fats, the production of bile, and the detoxification of drugs and other toxins.
When the liver is damaged, the levels of S.G.P.T. can increase. This is because the enzyme is released from the cells of the liver when it is damaged. High levels of S.G.P.T. can indicate liver disease, such as hepatitis or cirrhosis. It can also be a sign of a drug or alcohol overdose, or an infection.
The S.G.P.T. test is usually done as part of a routine blood test. The results of the test are usually expressed as a ratio of the amount of S.G.P.T. in the blood compared to the amount of another enzyme called alanine aminotransferase (ALT). A normal ratio is considered to be between 0.7 and 1.7.
If the S.G.P.T. level is higher than normal, it may indicate a problem with the liver. In this case, your doctor may order additional tests to determine the cause of the elevated levels. Treatment for an elevated S.G.P.T. level depends on the underlying cause.
In conclusion, S.G.P.T. is an important enzyme found in the liver and is used to measure the health of the organ. High levels of S.G.P.T. can indicate liver damage and may require further testing and treatment.