What is the meaning of point of view in a story or novel

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Point of view (POV) is a literary device used by authors to tell a story. It is the perspective from which the story is told, and it can be either first-person, second-person, third-person limited, or third-person omniscient. Each of these points of view has its own advantages and disadvantages, and each can be used to tell a story in a different way.

In a first-person point of view, the narrator is a character within the story who speaks directly to the reader. This allows the reader to gain insight into the character’s thoughts and feelings, as well as their actions. The disadvantage of this point of view is that the reader may not get the full picture of the story, since the narrator can only tell their own story.

In a second-person point of view, the narrator speaks directly to the reader as if they are a character in the story. This can be a powerful way to engage the reader and make them feel like they are part of the story. However, it can also be difficult to maintain the reader’s interest if the narrator speaks too much to the reader.

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In a third-person limited point of view, the narrator is not a character in the story, but they can only tell the story from the point of view of one character. This allows the reader to gain insight into the character’s thoughts and feelings, as well as their actions. The disadvantage of this point of view is that the reader may not get the full picture of the story, since the narrator can only tell the story from one character’s perspective.

Finally, in a third-person omniscient point of view, the narrator is not a character in the story, but they can tell the story from multiple points of view. This allows the reader to gain insight into the thoughts and feelings of multiple characters, as well as their actions. The disadvantage of this point of view is that the reader may become confused if the narrator switches between characters too quickly.

No matter which point of view an author chooses to tell their story, it is important to keep in mind that the point of view is a tool to help the reader understand and connect with the characters and the story. It is up to the author to decide which point of view best suits their story, and how to use it to create an engaging and meaningful narrative.

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