What is the meaning of hospital-acquired infections

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Hospital-acquired infections, or healthcare-associated infections (HAIs), are infections that patients acquire while receiving treatment for another condition in a healthcare setting. HAIs can be caused by bacteria, fungi, or viruses and can range from mild to severe.

HAIs are a major public health concern. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), HAIs affect about one in 25 patients in the United States each year. These infections can be deadly and can lead to long-term health problems.

The most common types of HAIs include:

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  • Urinary tract infections
  • Bloodstream infections
  • Pneumonia
  • Surgical site infections
  • Ventilator-associated pneumonia

HAIs are preventable. Healthcare providers can take steps to reduce the risk of HAIs, such as:

  • Using proper hand hygiene
  • Strictly following infection control protocols
  • Using appropriate personal protective equipment
  • Cleaning and disinfecting surfaces and equipment
  • Properly disposing of waste

Patients can also take steps to reduce their risk of HAIs, such as:

  • Practicing good hand hygiene
  • Asking healthcare providers to wash their hands
  • Asking healthcare providers to use gloves and other protective equipment
  • Notifying healthcare providers of any recent infections or illnesses
  • Reporting any signs of infection, such as fever, redness, or swelling

HAIs can be serious and even deadly, but they are preventable. Healthcare providers and patients should work together to reduce the risk of HAIs and ensure the safety of all patients.

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