What is the meaning of high grade dysplasia

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What is High Grade Dysplasia?

High grade dysplasia (HGD) is a pre-cancerous condition of the cells of the esophagus, stomach, or intestines. It is caused by changes in the cells that can lead to cancer if left untreated.

HGD is characterized by abnormal changes in the cells of the esophagus, stomach, or intestines. These changes can cause cells to become larger and divide more quickly than normal. This can lead to an increased risk of cancer.

HGD is usually diagnosed through an endoscopy. During an endoscopy, the doctor looks inside the esophagus, stomach, or intestines with a lighted scope. The doctor can then take a biopsy of the cells to look for abnormal changes.

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HGD is usually treated with endoscopic therapy. This involves removing the abnormal cells through a procedure called endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR). EMR is a minimally invasive procedure that is done under sedation. During the procedure, the doctor removes the abnormal cells using a special tool.

HGD can also be treated with medications, such as proton pump inhibitors or histamine-2 receptor antagonists. These medications help to reduce the amount of acid in the stomach, which can help to reduce the risk of cancer.

If left untreated, HGD can lead to cancer. It is important to talk to your doctor if you have any symptoms of HGD, such as difficulty swallowing or pain in the abdomen. Early detection and treatment can help to reduce the risk of cancer.

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