What is the meaning of genetic variation

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What is the Meaning of Genetic Variation?

Genetic variation is the variation in the genetic makeup of individuals within a species. It is the basis for evolution and adaptation, and is essential for ensuring the survival of a species. Genetic variation occurs when individuals of a species have different combinations of genes, which can lead to different traits.

Types of Genetic Variation

There are two main types of genetic variation: allelic variation and non-allelic variation. Allelic variation occurs when different versions of a gene are present in a population, such as different versions of the gene for eye color. Non-allelic variation occurs when different genes are present in a population, such as different genes for height or intelligence.

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Causes of Genetic Variation

Genetic variation is caused by several factors. Mutations, or changes in the DNA sequence, can cause new genetic variation. Sexual reproduction also causes genetic variation, as it allows for the mixing of genes from two different parents. Migration of individuals from one population to another can also lead to genetic variation, as the new individuals bring different genes to the population.

Benefits of Genetic Variation

Genetic variation is beneficial for species, as it allows for adaptation to changing environmental conditions. It also allows for the development of new traits, such as resistance to disease or changes in physical appearance. Additionally, genetic variation increases genetic diversity, which is important for maintaining the health of a species.

Conclusion

Genetic variation is the variation in the genetic makeup of individuals within a species. It is caused by several factors, such as mutations, sexual reproduction, and migration. Genetic variation is beneficial for species, as it allows for adaptation to changing environmental conditions and increases genetic diversity.

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