What is the meaning of chronic hepatitis b

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What is the Meaning of Chronic Hepatitis B?

Chronic hepatitis B is a condition in which the liver becomes inflamed due to a virus. It is caused by the hepatitis B virus (HBV), which is a highly contagious virus that is spread through contact with infected blood or other body fluids. It can also be spread through sexual contact. If left untreated, chronic hepatitis B can cause serious health problems, including cirrhosis (scarring of the liver) and liver cancer.

Chronic hepatitis B is a long-term infection, meaning it can last for years or even decades. It is different from acute hepatitis B, which is a short-term infection that usually resolves itself without treatment. People who are infected with the virus can remain contagious for many years, even if they do not show any symptoms.

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The symptoms of chronic hepatitis B can vary from person to person. Some people may experience fatigue, abdominal pain, joint pain, loss of appetite, and jaundice (yellowing of the skin and eyes). Other people may be asymptomatic, meaning they have no symptoms at all. In some cases, chronic hepatitis B can cause life-threatening complications, such as liver failure or liver cancer.

Chronic hepatitis B is usually diagnosed through a blood test that looks for the presence of the virus. Treatment for chronic hepatitis B usually involves antiviral medications. These medications can help to reduce the amount of virus in the body and can help to prevent further damage to the liver. In some cases, a liver transplant may be necessary if the damage to the liver is severe.

It is important to be aware of the risks associated with chronic hepatitis B and to take steps to reduce the chances of becoming infected. This includes avoiding contact with infected blood or body fluids, practicing safe sex, and getting vaccinated if you are not already immune.

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