What is the definition of convergent evolution

Convergent evolution is a process in which two unrelated species develop similar characteristics due to similar environmental pressures. This phenomenon is also known as parallel evolution or convergent adaptation. It is a form of natural selection in which two different species evolve in the same direction due to similar environmental pressures.

The most common example of convergent evolution is the development of wings in birds and bats. Both species evolved wings independently, but the end result was the same: the ability to fly. This is because both species faced the same environmental pressure of needing to escape predators.

Convergent evolution can also be seen in the physical characteristics of two unrelated species. For example, dolphins and sharks both have streamlined bodies that allow them to swim quickly through the water. This is because they both face the same environmental pressure of needing to catch prey and escape predators.

Convergent evolution is an important concept in evolutionary biology, as it helps explain why two unrelated species can look and behave similarly. It is also a reminder that evolution is a powerful force that can shape species in remarkable ways.

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