What does pda stand for medical

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PDA stands for Patent Ductus Arteriosus, a condition in which the ductus arteriosus, a blood vessel connecting the aorta and pulmonary artery, does not close properly after birth. This can cause blood to flow from the aorta to the pulmonary artery, resulting in an increased workload for the heart and a decrease in oxygenated blood to the body.

PDA is a common congenital heart defect, occurring in approximately 1-2% of all newborns. It is more common in premature babies, occurring in up to 20% of babies born before 32 weeks gestation. It is also more common in female babies, and in babies with Down syndrome.

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The most common symptoms of PDA include rapid breathing, poor weight gain, and a heart murmur. However, some babies with PDA may be asymptomatic. In these cases, the diagnosis may be made through a physical exam or echocardiogram.

Treatment for PDA depends on the severity of the defect. For mild cases, medical management is often recommended, which may include medications such as ibuprofen or indomethacin to help close the ductus arteriosus. In more severe cases, surgery may be necessary to close the ductus arteriosus.

PDA can be a serious condition that can lead to serious complications if left untreated. It is important to be aware of the signs and symptoms of PDA and to seek medical attention if you suspect your baby may be affected.

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